Research Poster Competition Winners / Abstracts - Social Sciences
Consequences of Legalizing
Musediq Ajomagberin and Katherine Recio
Bronx Community College
Marijuana is the most commonly used illegal drug in the world,
and it has become a big business in the United States as more
states legalize its use for medical purposes. Physicians in
Colorado can recommend marijuana use for pain control, and
this allows patients to apply for a state license for marijuana
purchase from a state licensed dispensary. States such as
Colorado and California collect millions of dollars for marijuana
through annual licensing fees and sales taxes. In contrast,
states like Kentucky have a no tolerance policy for marijuana,
with harsh penalties for marijuana sales or usage. California
supplies the country with one half of the illegal marijuana,
which amounts to a $100 billion national cash crop. The Drug
Enforcement Agency (DEA) spends more than $10 billion dollars
to seize illegal marijuana. The confusing status of conflicting
local, state, and federal laws on marijuana use and its health
effects are addressed.
The Rise of Violence in
Valerie Alexander, Sabrina Formoso, and Catalina Martinez
This project seeks to find why there is so much violence
in schools, and the things that can be done to stop and/or
prevent it from happening. In this project we will ask kids
if they have ever been bullied and how it made them feel.
To find ways to prevent this ongoing problem, this research
compiled feedback and information about bullying. We will
answer our main question, Why does bullying continue to happen
even though most of us were taught the effects of bullying
by teachers, parents, and/or administrators? The majority
of the time bullies have problems that they keep inside, and
the effects of these deep-seated problems are later let out
on innocent individuals.
Economics of College
Nathena Brown, Najua Baaith-Mercado, Zainab Bakrin, and Zipporah
Monroe Community College
The overall objective of this project is to compare the cost
of attending different colleges (2-year, and 4-year public
and private institutions) with the earnings of respective
graduates from the different types of institutions. This is
a relevant topic because as individuals become college bound,
educated decision-making on how to best invest in one’s
own higher education becomes important. This topic required
data collection on college attendance and cost from various
colleges and universities, along with research from academic
journals on college cost and earnings after graduation based
on major and the college attended. Tables and graphs were
used to analyze data. Our research supports our hypothesis
that a student’s major and grade point average are more
important to career earnings than the type of school attended.
Using Artwork to Treat Patients
with Psychological Disorders
Cristino Chavez and Nicole Alexander
New York Osteopathic College of Medicine
Trauma has become a major issue in children and adolescents,
and in many cases art is used to express their emotions. In
this experiment we will examine children and adolescents and
their reactions to pictures and questions. Each will respond
to questions to the best of their ability, and the behavior
and reactions displayed in the artwork will be analyzed. Both
age groups will be asked the same questions and will be shown
similar pictures of traumatizing situations; this will allow
us to discover how and what they feel toward the subject.
We will be able to identify individual personality type based
on the response to questioning. In the future this can be
used to treat people with psychological disorders who are
in need of treatment but have no means of verbal communication.
Interpretation of Facial
Menatallah Elkoush and Omnia Elkoush
New York University
A teenager’s interpretation of emotions frequently
conflict with others. Are differences misinterpretations or
merely subjective interpretations? Children, teenagers, and
adults were shown twenty images of faces that had distinct
expressions. They were each asked to look at images and state
the first emotion that was evoked. No set answer was expected.
Similarities and differences were recorded and tabulated.
Younger children responded immediately and had similar responses;
teenagers had the fewest similarities in responses and adjectives
for images; and adults had more similar responses than teenagers,
but not as many similarities as the younger children. We conclude
that teenagers do not misinterpret facial expressions, but
rather have different interpretations. Most disagreement came
with negative emotions.
Cyber Bullying: The New
Way to Bully?
The purpose of this project is to determine whether cyber
bullying is more common than traditional bullying because
of the availability of social networking sites. Cyber bullying
is an aggressive act toward another using an electronic medium,
while traditional bullying is direct intimidation or mistreatment
of a weaker person.
To determine the type of bullying, an anonymous survey about
bullying was administered to 200 students in an urban high
school. Results of this survey contradicted the hypothesis
that cyber bullying is more prevalent than traditional bullying.
Of the students who have access to one or more social networking
sites, less than half claimed that they have been cyber bullied.
However, over half of the students surveyed believed that
cyber bullying was easier than traditional bullying. Another
notable result of this survey was that more than 50% of students
surveyed claim to have been bullied through cyber, traditional,
or both means.
Does Facebook Replace Books?
An Examination of Facebook and Student Achievement
Students all over the world use Facebook to socialize with
friends and family. What effect does the world’s largest
social networking service have on a student’s grades?
The purpose of this research is to examine the correlation
between Facebook use and student achievement. Five-hundred
Ossining High School students were chosen at random to complete
an anonymous questionnaire. All responses were carefully calculated
and organized. Average study time and grade point average
(GPA) were compared between frequent Facebook users and non-frequent
Facebook users. These comparisons displayed a clear negative
correlation between Facebook use and academics. Frequent users
had lower GPA’s and spent less time studying than students
that did not use Facebook as often. According to the data
collected at Ossining High School and the research found in
past studies, it is concluded that frequent Facebook use can
take a toll on a student’s academic success.
Food for Thought: Harmful
Muizz Salami, Jorge Cardenas, and Justin Torres
New York University School of Medicine
The consumption of unhealthy food is a very prominent issue
in New York City. Eating unhealthy food can bring deadly additives
into the body—additives that were made to preserve the
food from decay or give it color for a fresher look. This
research addresses the problem of food additives, and educates
people about the many dangers they pose. We believe that informing
the public will help them to make informed choices that prevent
them from choosing foods with dangerous additives. We created
a survey that inquired about people’s eating habits,
and provided a short information section to educate participants.
Afterward, we verified whether their learning about food additives
changed their eating habits. After our survey, people left
feeling that they were more informed about food additives,
and on average, they reported that they would avoid the dangerous
additives. This research proved our hypothesis.