Research Poster Competition Winners / Abstracts - Human Services
Waste(water) Treatment Electrolytic
Reactor (WTER): A Novel Approach Combining MFC and MEC Technology—Creating
a Self-Sustainable Wastewater Treatment Facility
By using novel devices known as Microbial Fuel Cells (MFC)
and Microbial Electrolysis Cells (MEC), raw renewable electricity
and hydrogen gas can be produced while treating wastewater
in a wastewater treatment plant.
Certain types of bacteria—known as exoelectrogens—that
are found in wastewater can emit electrons to an external
source while carrying out their life processes. An MFC harnesses
this source of electricity, and by adding a minimal amount
of power, hydrogen is evolved at the cathode of an MEC.
This research is conducted to propose a new design of raw
electricity that is generated from MFC that will be able to
power clean hydrogen production in an MEC in a wastewater
treatment plant and produce a new design called the WTER.
Wastewater was collected and used for the fuel cells that
were manufactured at a lab scale. Raw electricity and hydrogen
gas was produced from reactors and can be applied to real
Advancement in HIV Treatment
Tevon Eversley and Buthayna Sims
Medgar Evers College Jackie Robinson Center
Advancement in research for the treatment of the Human Immunodeficiency
Virus (HIV) is relevant because this virus can lead to Acquired
Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), a potentially life-threatening
condition that has caused the death of millions over the years.
AIDS related deaths have reached epidemic levels, with the
rate increasing by 1.8 million people per year. This research
focuses on advancements in the treatment of AIDS, brings forth
awareness of the disease, and shows that there is progression
and hope in the fight against HIV/AIDS.
Data will be obtained from the National Institute of Health
(NIH), the Center for Disease Control (CDC), and health departments
from five major U.S. cities such as New York City, Los Angeles,
Atlanta, San Francisco, and Las Vegas. Scientific data from
the 1980’s through the present will be analyzed. We
desire that the gathered information lead to education, show
progress in treatment, bring about awareness, and teach precautionary
measures. The research will show that there have been advancements
in treatment, yet because there is no cure, measures must
be taken to continue to prevent the HIV epidemic from becoming
The Study of Chelation as
the Mechanism of Action of Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid
(EDTA) and p-Aminosalicylic Acid (PAS) in the Treatment of
Autism and Manganism
SUNY College at Old Westbury
This research seeks to find a plausible chelatory agent that
can bind manganese and mercury from the human body as a method
of treatment for autism or manganism. The relevance of this
research is the imminent need for a pharmaceutical drug that
can chelate mercury and manganese. This study implemented
and cold vapor atomic absorption to determine the chelating
properties of Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid (EDTA).
Manganese (Mn+2) containing solutions were exposed to EDTA
or p-Aminosalicylic Acid (PAS), followed by an oxidation reaction
that converts remaining free Mn+2 into permanganate ions (MnO4-).
Data analysis involved spectrophotometrically comparing the
controls of regular manganese absorbance measurements to the
containing chelators. The study suggests that PAS can be applied
as a strong chelator of mercury and manganese; the greater
implication of the findings is that PAS can be an apt candidate
to treat manganism and autism.
Climbing Stairs and Getting
Emilie Gonzalez and Lucila Lope
Queensborough Community College
The purpose of this project is to determine the correlation
between physical fitness and vital signs (blood pressure and
heart rate) in a group of middle and high school students
before and after exercise. It is hypothesized that physical
exercise (escalating 50 steps and then repeating four times)
will cause less of an increase in heart rate and blood pressure
in students who exercise regularly than in those who do not.
Students will be separated into fitness groups based on how
much physical activity they perform each week. Their heart
rates and blood pressure will be measured before and after
climbing the steps. It is hypothesized that students who exercise
regularly will show less of
an increase in these vital signs after completing the activity.
This project will demonstrate the benefits of regular exercise
on one’s general health.
Andrew Guyatte, Yashoda Gopi, Syeda Zahan, and Darnell Rollins
Clean water is essential for humans to survive and function.
Almost 2 million people die from waterborne diseases of contaminated
water supplies. An effective, environmentally friendly way
to purify water is by using Solar Water Disinfection (SODIS),
which is used in areas of Southeast Asia, Southern Africa,
and Latin America. SODIS uses sunlight and clear Polyethylene
terephthalate (PET) bottles (polyethylene terephthalate is
a material that is often used for soft drink containers).
The water is filled in transparent PET bottles and exposed
to the sun for two days.
The ultraviolet rays from the sun kill common viruses, waterborne
bacteria, and parasites that are harmful to humans. Our results
from the samples taken from Central Park, Mohawk River, and
Jackson Gardens Creek show that the water was safer to drink,
further proving that the SODIS method is effective. SODIS
is an ideal method of providing safe drinking water for people
in developing countries where other methods are not available.
A Preliminary Study Examining
the Effect of Increased Dietary Cholecalciferol on Mercury
Excretion in One Donor Within the Autism Spectrum
SUNY College at Old Westbury
The problem under study is to examine whether increased ingestion
of vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) has a chelating effect on
an autistic donor’s mercury excretion levels. Monthly
scheduled hair extractions were performed by donor’s
parents and analyzed using Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption. All
chemicals used were of trace-metal grade that was attained
from Fisher Scientific. Recent data has demonstrated a slight
increase in DDI 99’s excretion level after vitamin D3
intake was increased (by donor’s parents) for approximately
one month. These preliminary results suggest that vitamin
D3 has chelating properties.
Bronx Community College
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects thousands
of people across the world. The purpose of this project is
to discover the causes, diagnosis, and treatments of schizophrenia.
I will present a poster board explaining schizophrenia and
pictures of the parts of the brain that are affected by schizophrenia.
The PowerPoint presentation
will have in depth information on schizophrenia and videos
showing the symptoms of schizophrenia. This project will help
people to understand the seriousness of schizophrenia and
better understand why those who are diagnosed with this mental
disorder act the way they do.
Ana-Paula Morales-Allende and Aiya Aboubakr
New York University School of Medicine
With approximately 20 million Americans infected with the
Human Papillomavirus (HPV), and another 6 million people projected
to become newly infected each year, HPV stands as the most
common sexually transmitted disease in the United States.
Although prevention methods range from available vaccinations
to abstinence, the public’s lack
of knowledge does little to ameliorate the spread of the infection.
The recent release of Gardasil—the vaccine that targets
the four strands of HPV that are most responsible for cervical
cancer and genital warts—has stirred controversy, as
its target group knows little about its usage and effects.
We distributed surveys that allowed for the
evaluation of how well the general public understands HPV
and its vaccine. The results demonstrated that high percentages
of the community are misinformed. Proposals to restructure
the community’s understanding of the infection and vaccine
aim at bringing the information to the people through poster
boards, pamphlets, and internet sources.
How Do Sleep and Exercise
Affect 10-Week Averages in Classrooms?
Server Mustafaev and Austin Davis
Does “sleeping well” and “being active”
affect a student's performance in school? We seek to determine
whether the amount of sleep and exercise that a student gets
affects his/her grade point average. Our hypothesis is that
students who regularly receive larger amounts of sleep and
exercise perform better in the classroom, and thus have higher
grade point averages. During a 10-week time period we collected
data from students in 6th-8th grade science classes.
Participants were asked to record the amount of sleep they
received each night and to complete a survey on how often
they exercised or participated in physical activities during
this time period. At the end of the ten weeks we collected
their averages, applied statistics to the data, and analyzed
Diabetes: Raising Awareness
Among Minority Students
Rashidi Nicholls, Jabari Nicholls, and Deaniqua Phillips
New York College of Osteopathic Medicine
The purpose of this project is to increase the level of awareness
and education of diabetes among a student population that
is 100% minority. The overall goal is to bring awareness to
this chronic medical condition that has an enormous impact
on people of color. The project utilized a pretest, an educational/awareness
included giving each student a blood glucose analyzer, and
a post-test. This project assessed the levels of success during
the three month period. The data collected from over 500 students
confirmed the hypothesis that the vast majority of students
are not aware of diabetes and its potential long-term health
ramifications. These findings led the research team to believe
that additional education is required to assist this population
with understanding diabetes and the ways it can affect their
Porphyrins in Photo Dynamic
Stacey Ortega and Natalie Leon
New York City College of Technology
Porphyrins are photosensitive macromolecules. The light absorbed
by a porphyrin chromophore produces an excited state that
can fluoresce, or generate, a reactive oxygen species. Porphyrins
are an integral component in chlorophyll, a biomolecule that
uses light to produce glucose and heme—a non-protein
component that carries oxygen to the blood. These properties
of porphyrin compounds are utilized in photodynamic therapy
to treat cancer.
Photodynamic therapy introduces a photosensitizer, usually
a porphyrin compound, into the cancer cell. This photosensitizer
is then activated by exposing it to a specific wavelength
of light in the presence of oxygen, thereby forming a species
of oxygen that kills these cancer cells. The exact mechanism
by which this is done is unknown. We
will compare the absorption of various porphyrin photosensitizers
using fluorescence microscopy.
Health Risks in an Overweight
Anaiz Reynoso and Travis Rivera
The purpose of this project is to find the health risks of
obesity if it continues in our society. The World Health Organization
estimates that at least 1 in 3 of the world’s adult
population is overweight, and almost 1 in 10 is obese. Obesity
rates have increased dramatically in the United States and
the rates are among the highest in the world. There are many
health risks associated with obesity that affect the cardiovascular
system such as metabolic syndrome, high blood pressure, high
cholesterol, abnormal glucose tolerance, or diabetes. To complete
this project, two studies were conducted to obtain data. The
first study measured the blood pressure of various people,
while the second study compared the blood pressure of individuals
to their eating habits. I hypothesize that this research will
show that obesity is not good for society.
The Study of the Effect
of Physiological Changes on Life Expectancy
Farmingdale State College
This study is designed to determine the impact of physiological
changes on life expectancy. For this study, the Daphnia magna
were used as subjects. The “ups and downs” associated
with reactions to issues encountered in the daily lives of
individuals were simulated with chemicals that stimulated
“ups” and depressants “downs.” Different
groups were exposed to varying amounts of ups, downs, and
ups and downs over the course of experimentation. The individuals
were cared for in completely controlled environments that
varied only by the exposure to the chemicals that initiated
the physiological ups and downs. For this experiment the ups
and downs are considered stressors on the body that upset
a more stable environment, or the person’s homeostasis.
The subjects were allowed to live out their lives and the
final life span of each individual was recorded. Statistical
analysis of the data sheds light on questions pertaining to
the ways in which stress impacts the human lifespan.
Hemodialysis and African-Americans
in the City of Buffalo
Ashley Wagstaff and Nkiru Ifedigbo
SUNY Buffalo Biomedical Program
Hemodialysis is one type of kidney dialysis used to treat
a variety of diseases. In this treatment the patient’s
blood is pumped into a kidney dialysis machine where the blood
is passed through a semi-permeable membrane that allows for
waste filtration; this blood is then returned back into the
patient’s circulation. Hemodialysis patients undergo
this process an average of three times a week, and it lasts
approximately 3-5 hours. There are a number of medical insurance
companies that pay for this procedure for patients who cannot
afford the expensive treatment. This report seeks to focus
on the struggles that may be faced by African-American patients
undergoing hemodialysis within the City of Buffalo and their
relationship with insurance companies who may, or may not,
fund this life-saving treatment.